To meet global demands towards food security, safety as well as sustainable agriculture and food systems innovative approaches
are inevitable. Despite the growing body of literature in both innovation research and in values and aims, what has been explored
to a lesser extent is the bridging link between these areas. This study represents a first step in addressing this relationship.
Policy- and decision-makers foster sustainable innovation in agriculture, since on-farm innovation and innovation adoption
have attracted their attention as a means of enhancing competitiveness as well as socially and environmentally benign farming
also benefiting rural areas. By using a negative binomial model we explore the relationship between farmers' innovativeness
and those values and aims which guide farmers' farm-management decisions as well as other farm/farmer characteristics. Based
on a sample of 174 Austrian farmers agricultural education is found to be an essential driver of innovativeness. Regarding
the different values we find that self-direction and hedonistic values, in contrast to achievement and economic, are associated
with more innovative capabilities. In conclusion, we see a need to foster self-direction and hedonistic narratives in policy
and extension service, together with reducing the focus on an economic angle to promote farmers' innovation capabilities.
Buchbeiträge, Routledge, London–New York, Jänner 2019, S.159-182
Chapter 10, "Diversification patterns at the regional level and their relationship to regional knowledge capabilities: differences
between advanced and less favoured regions" (Andreas Reinstaller and Fabian Unterlass) analyses the relationship between regional
capabilities to generate and apply knowledge and changes in industrial specialisation in advanced and less-favoured regions.
The results suggest that local technological search and learning reinforce existing specialisation patterns, whereas educational
investments weaken path dependence. They reduce the importance of local capabilities to generate comparative advantages and
allow tapping into new technologies or industries fostering diversification. Regions with higher educational attainment levels
tend also to be more specialised in high-end markets. The educational system therefore plays a key role in diversification
processes and should be a constitutive element of S3 policies.
in: bmb+f, BMVIT, BMDW, Österreichischer Forschungs- und Technologiebericht 2018. Bericht der Bundesregierung an den Nationalrat gem. § 8 (2) FOG
über die Lage und Bedürfnisse von Forschung, Technologie und Innovation in Österreich