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Labour Market, Income and Social Security

Books, journals and papers (600 hits)

Economic Analysis and Policy, 2022, 75, pp.1-25, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2022.05.002
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy
Study by: Austrian Institute of Economic Research – Finnish Centre for Pensions – University of Barcelona – Institute for Economic Research Finland
Zeitschrift für Sozialreform, 2022, 68, (2), pp.211-235, https://doi.org/10.1515/zsr-2022-0009
Commissioned by: Oesterreichische Nationalbank
Projections show sharp increases in public spending on long-term care (LTC) services across Europe. However, a purely cost-based focus on LTC services is economically misleading. Private and public expenditure on LTC services directly and indirectly generates income in the form of salaries, taxes, and social security contributions. The aim of this paper is to quantify the economic impact and multipliers of LTC services for Austria. Based on an econometric regional Input-Output model for Austria, we estimate the direct, indirect, and induced effects of public and private expenditures on value added, employment, taxes, and social security contributions. According to our results, each euro spent on LTC services is associated with domestic value added of 1.70 €; 70 cents per euro spent flows into public budgets in the form of taxes and social security contributions. The economic multipliers of the LTC services are comparatively high due to the high share of wages and salaries in direct expenditure and the associated high direct value added. Public expenditure on professional care services should therefore not be regarded merely as a cost factor in the public budget. Rather, this rapidly growing economic sector is also an increasingly important economic factor in a time of ageing societies. While the model does not provide information on the causal economic effect of the LTC sector, the findings are still highly important for planners of LTC reforms, as they provide information on the total value added associated with LTC expenditures and on the total number of jobs that these expenditures sustain.
in: Roland Löffler, Peter Schlögl, Alexander Schmölz, 50 Jahre Berufsbildungsforschung in Österreich
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, wbv, Bielefeld, December 2021, pp.213-220, https://doi.org/https://www.doi.org/10.3278/6004915w
in: Johanna Muckenhuber, Martin Griesbacher, Josef Hödl, Laura Zilian, Disruption der Arbeit? Zu den Folgen der Digitalisierung im Dienstleistungssektor
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, Campus, Frankfurt, December 2021, pp.83-97
Franz Hackl, Michael Hölzl-Leitner, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, Christine Zulehner
Managerial and Decision Economics, 2021, 42, pp.1284-1305, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mde.3309
The choice of an appropriate e-commerce strategy for the listing in price comparison platforms (eBay, Amazon, and price search engines) is crucial for the survival of online stores in B2C e-commerce business. We use a comprehensive dataset from the Austrian price search engine geizhals.at to identify successful e-commerce strategies with regard to these listing decisions. An e-commerce strategy is a set of choices including the listing decision, availability decision, and decisions on a price path and shipping cost. We apply cluster analysis to identify the different strategies that have been used by online retailers. Using various success measures such as revenue, clicks, market share, and the survival of firms, as dependent variables in our regression analyses, we present causal evidence on the effectiveness of different e-commerce strategies.
Karin Heitzmann, Stefan Angel
in: Gottfried Schweiger, Clemens Sedmak, Handbuch Philosophie und Armut
Book chapters, contributions to collected volumes, J.B. Metzler'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung und C.E. Poeschel Verlag GmbH Stuttgart-Weimar, Stuttgart, March 2021, 7 pages, pp.13-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-05740-2_2
Über Armut zu forschen, und damit Armut zu beschreiben und zu messen, ist ein schwieriges Unterfangen, auch weil es sich bei "Armut" um ein Konzept handelt, das – z. B. in der Alltagssprache – unterschiedliche Bedeutungen aufweisen kann (vgl. dazu auch Jacobs, 1995).
IHS Working Paper, 2021, (30), 35 pages
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