Austrian Economic Quarterly

The "Austrian Economic Quarterly", followed by the "WIFO Bulletin" as of January 2014, published English articles on these topics:

  • European economic integration,
  • Economic cooperation with Eastern European countries,
  • International competitiveness policies,
  • Economic outlooks in an international perspective.

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All issues (347 hits)

Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(4), pp.198-210
Online since: 30.01.2014 0:00
Several beneficial factors will enable the USA to enjoy the highest pace of growth among the industrialised economies in the years to come: lending behaviour has recovered from the financial market crisis and is working more smoothly nowadays than, for example, in the euro area. Investment is boosted by improving supply conditions for commodities, as shale gas and shale oil will have a major impact on energy markets. The labour force is growing rapidly and budgetary restrictions are expected to ease. While fiscal policy will turn less restrictive also in the euro area, the planned cuts in expenditure will largely occur in countries that are still struggling with the crisis and its repercussions (Portugal, Spain, Italy). The fragility of the banking sector is one of the key challenges for the euro area. Each of its members is also facing specific problems – such as the heavy export bias of the German economy, the under-developed institutional and regulatory framework in Italy or the extremely high unemployment in Spain.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(4), pp.211-217
Online since: 30.01.2014 0:00
In Austria, prospects for a pick-up in economic activity are firming. WIFO's latest Business Cycle Survey as well as the most recent expansion of production point to a gradual recovery of industrial activity. WIFO's Leading Indicator also improved for the third time. Leading indicators for the euro area and the EU as a whole also signal a continuation of the upward trend.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(4), pp.218-225
Online since: 30.01.2014 0:00
GDP grew at a seasonally and working day adjusted rate of 0.2 percent in the third quarter, compared with the previous quarter. Hence the upturn set in at only a modest pace. In the EU countries, economic activity remains sluggish and uneven. Weak price dynamics prompted the European Central Bank to cut its benchmark interest rate.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(4), pp.188-197
Online since: 26.11.2013 0:00
After six consecutive quarters of decline, GDP in the euro area headed up in the second quarter 2013. Business surveys suggest that the positive trend will continue in the near future. The recovery will nevertheless be held back by the many existing structural problems. Due to the delayed cyclical pick-up, GDP growth for 2013 will remain subdued also in Austria, at a projected 0.4 percent. Towards the end of the year, domestic activity should gain momentum, raising the annual rate of growth to 1.7 percent in 2014. Despite this rebound, the unemployment rate will rise to a new high. Headline inflation is set to remain at a moderate 2 percent.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.156-165
Online since: 13.11.2013 0:00
In the EU, signs are mounting that economic conditions are improving. The US economy is expected to keep growing at a robust pace in the near future, while emerging market economies have not yet regained their former strength. As regards the Austrian economy, business surveys also suggest an increase in economic activity in the coming months. At present the forces driving the economy are still very weak, however.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.166-176
Online since: 13.11.2013 0:00
The Austrian insurance market contracted in 2012, mainly due to a decline in life insurance simple premium payments. In private health and non-life insurance, however, the number of insured risks increased. In both areas, the influence of price increases during the year was stronger than the slightly positive volume effect. Persistently low interest rates pose a severe challenge to insurance companies' investment policy. In 2012, low write-offs allowed for an increase in the return on assets.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.177-187
Online since: 26.11.2013 0:00
In 2012, the recession shaped the development of unit labour costs in Austria. Labour costs in the manufacturing of goods increased by 3.2 percent, while labour productivity developed very weakly (+0.1 percent). This represents a rise in unit labour costs of about 3 percent. However, Austria's international competitiveness compared to the average of all trading partners, as well as to Germany, improved slightly in 2012 because productivity developed even less favourably among the trading partners.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.149-155
Online since: 16.09.2013 0:00
The Austrian economy also remains tepid in a context of weak economic activity in Europe. The export-driven manufacturing sector is recovering only slowly; the production index has stabilised in recent months, although it suffered a renewed decline in May. The latest leading indicators show only little improvement; companies still expect the economic situation to remain tense. Trade and tourism have recently seen a decline in sales. The economic weakness continues to weigh on the labour market; employment growth decelerated in July compared with the previous month, and was accompanied by a renewed increase in the number of unemployed persons.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.123-133
Online since: 27.08.2013 0:00
While in the USA, the cyclical recovery is ongoing, it has been absent so far in the euro area. The sizeable and simultaneous retrenchment of government demand in several EU member countries, the rise in unemployment, restraint on bank lending and sluggish global trade all weigh on activity in Europe. Key Austrian export markets are stagnating or in recession, dampening the domestic investment climate. Lean real income gains and a rising saving ratio limit the scope for private consumption growth. For the whole of 2013, GDP is expected to edge up by a modest 0.4 percent. With international trade picking up, demand and output growth should accelerate to 1.6 percent in 2014.
Austrian Economic Quarterly, 2013, 18(3), pp.135-148
Online since: 27.08.2013 0:00
The economic crisis has laid open deficiencies in the construction of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). As a consequence, the European Council and the Commission have proposed reforms for the completion of EMU. In a first step towards an integrated Banking Union, a lighter version of a common bank supervision has been agreed. However, key elements to secure the stability of the euro area are still missing. Measures taken under the acute pressure of the crisis are confined to structural reforms and have de facto suspended the operation of automatic stabilisers in the crisis countries.

Contact persons


apl. Prof. Dr. Hans Pitlik

Function: Senior Economist, Editor-in-chief WIFO-Monatsberichte and WIFO Reports on Austria

Tamara Fellinger

Activities: Publications, website, subscriptions

Tatjana Weber

Activities: Publications, website, subscriptions